The Uniform Physical Condition Standard (UPCS) inspection protocol was developed by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) Real Estate Assessment Center (REAC) to ensure that housing is “decent, safe, sanitary and in good repair”.
UPCS is generally more detailed and thorough than HQS and most city inspections. The UPCS is designed to be more objective than the HQS protocol. UPCS follows Federal requirements at 24CFR 5.703 and addresses a multitude of inspectable items in five major areas: Site, building exteriors, building systems, common areas and dwelling units,
Inspectors have been professionally trained to identify deficiencies based on the UPCS. Additionally, the UPCS inspection is software based. The inspector will generally have a laptop or hand held computer with UPCS software. The software lists inspectable items by the five inspectable areas in detail. The inspector notes deficiencies found and assigns a severity level to each as observed during the inspection.
Exigent and Fire Safety deficiencies most commonly cited are missing covers or plates in electrical boxes that expose live wires and blocked egress (furniture blocking windows in bedrooms) is common. Other issues reported are entrance door seals damaged, bathroom basin problems (usually stoppers or pop-ups not working or missing), missing splash blocks at gutter downspouts, and damaged or torn refrigerator door gaskets.